Buland Darwaza or the “Door of Victory”, is located in the Fatehpur Sikri city near Agra in Uttar Pradesh. As the name suggests, this structure is the highest gateway in the world and an example of fine Mughal architecture. Buland Darwaza is the main entrance to the Jama Masjid and other structures of the Fatehpur Sikri complex.
Let us have an insight into the history, architecture, and more info about this scintillating Indian Monument…
History of Buland Darwaza-
Buland Darwaza, as the name suggests, is a Door of Victory that was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1602 to mark his victory over Gujarat in the year 1573.
The battle occurred during the reign of last two Gujrat Sultans Ahmad Shah III and Mahmud Shah III along with Muzaffar Shah III with the Mughal Ruler Akbar and was termed as the Akbar’s Conquest of Gujarat. Akbar left for Ahmedabad, Gujarat on 2 July 1572 from his capital at Fatehpur Sikri.
The Battle resulted in the defeat of Gujarat.
Buland Darwaza Front view- Image Source- wikimedia.org
The architecture of Buland Darwaza-
This gateway is the southern entrance to the city of Fatehpur Sikri and the main entrance to the Jama Masjid located in the Fatehpur Sikri Complex and is built in the middle of the red sandstone wall surrounding the complex. Buland Darwaza is made up of red and yellowish sandstone along with the decorations of black and white marble inscribed.
The height of the Buland Darwaza from ground level is about 54 meters that approximately equals to the height of 15 storeys, and from the main Jama Masjid courtyard, it raises to a height of 40 meters. This gap in heights is covered by 42 stairs starting from the ground and leading to the gateway.
Interior Ceiling of Buland Darwaza-Image Source- Wikimedia.org
It has three kiosks or small hut or window type structures on its top surrounded by thirteen smaller domed kiosks.
The main arch of Buland Darwaza stands in the center of three projecting sides and topped by a dome.
Backside View of Buland Darwaza-Image Source- Wikimedia.org
How to reach there-
- The nearest airport to the monument is the Agra Airport or the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Airport, at a distance of about 38 kilometers. This distance can easily be covered by a taxi within an hour.
- The nearest railway station to the monument is the Agra Railway Station, at a distance of about 37 kilometers. Although, the nearest railway station is the Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station at a distance of 800 meters only, but it is a small station and only a few passenger trains have halts here.
- The nearest bus stand to Buland Darwaza is Idgah Bus Stand at a distance of about 35 kilometers and another bus stand nearby is Agra Fort Bus Stand at a distance of about 38 kilometers from the monument.
- Fatehpur Sikri is located at a distance of approximately 225 kilometers from the national capital Delhi.
- Other ways of reaching the monument includes the local public transport vehicles from anywhere in the city. Or you can drive directly to the place by a taxi from Agra which is about 40 kilometers away.
Timings of Buland Darwaza-
The timings of Buland Darwaza are generally specified from the sunrise to the sunset. Although, the opening and closing hours are said to be between 8 am to 7 pm. The monument remains open on all the days of a week to the visitors.
- The entry fee for Indian visitors to the Buland Darwaza is INR 35.
- For BIMSTEC and SAARC visitors the ticket is also the same as that for Indian visitors, i.e. INR 35.
- For other Foreigner Visitors, the entry fee is INR 550.
- No Entry Ticket is charged to the visitors of age less than 15 years.
- There are no extra charges for carrying cameras and videorecorders.
- These charges are applied for the whole Fatehpur Sikri Complex which includes many other structural monuments like Tomb of Salim Chisti and Jama Masjid along with this mammoth gate, Buland Darwaza.
The visit to the place should be made by making a fully efficient plan as it takes around 5-6 hours to explore the whole Fateh Pur Sikri Complex that includes Buland Darwaza, Tomb of Salim Chisti, Jama Masjid, Panch Mahal, Palace of Jodha Bai, Hiran Minar, Birbal’s House, and Diwan-I-Khas. The best time to visit the monument is during the winter months of October to March to avoid the exhausting summers of May- June. The place is best suitable to visit with family and friends and to click some awesome pics with the grand structure of Buland Darwaza. You can book online tickets at yatra.com to avoid the ticket queues at the monument. People do visit this place if they visit the Taj Mahal or any nearby place. So, you should also have a visit to the place if a chance occurs.