Gol Gumbaz is located at Bijapur, now called Vijayapura, in the Karnataka state of India, at a distance of about 500 kilometers from the state capital Bengaluru. This place is a tomb of Sultan Adil Shah of Adil Shah Dynasty, his lover Rambha and his family. This monument’s ground floor is famous for the echoes, even the rattling of leaves sounds 7-8 times echoed. The name itself suggests it to be a “circular dome”.
Let’s have a more detailed view of the monument…
History of Gol Gumbaz-
Adil Shah’s father Ibrahim Adil Shah II had an extravagant mausoleum in Bijapur and Adil Shah wished to have a grander mausoleum than his father’s. This was the reason behind this grand monument’s creation.
There is a story of King and his lover Rambha related to the monument. Rambha was a dancer and loved the king. Both used to sit on opposite sides of the gallery and talked to each other. Later on, Rambha jumped off the gallery and had a last wish to be buried aside from the king instead of his wife.
The construction was incomplete and the death of Adil Shah took place.
The architecture of Gol Gumbaz-
The monument comes under the mausoleum type category and is constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture along with some influence of the Islamic style of architecture.
The height of the monument is 51 meters (168 feet) and due to the special stone interlocking technique, it has no pillars. This is possible because of the Eight arches formed by the two rotating squares.
Adil Shah ordered the famous architect Yaqut of Dabul to construct a mausoleum that was unsurpassed.
The mausoleum has an area of approximately 1,700 sq. meters (18,000 sq. feet) and has one of the biggest single chamber spaces in the world.
A whispering gallery is present running round the monument in which sound produces echo due to the soft walls and absence of pillars.
The material used in the construction of the monument is the Dark Grey Basalt.
A polygonal podium is present inside the mausoleum hall has steps on each side. A cenotaph slab on the ground in the middle of the podium marks the actual grave below.
There is a museum within the Gol Gumbaz complex that was established during British rule in 1892 and has interesting items on display like Chinese parchments, paintings, carpets and more.
Hotels and Restaurants Nearby-
Hotel Madhuvan International is a 3-star hotel that is located at a distance of 1 kilometer from the monument. Hotel Basava Residency is also a 3-star hotel located nearby Gol Gumbaz. Other popular hotels within the close proximity of Gol Gumbaz are Hotel Pearl and Hotel Navratna International.
Some of the popular restaurants located near the monument are Qaswa Hills Restaurant, Mughal’s Darbar and Kamat Restaurant.
How to Reach there-
ADDRESS- Jadar Galli, Vijayapura, Karnataka 586104.
- The nearest airport to the monument is the Kolhapur Airport, at a distance of about 175 kilometers. This distance can easily be covered by a taxi within 3-4 hours. Another airport nearby is Belgaum Airport, at a distance of about 200 kilometers. Bijapur has no airport.
- The nearest railway station to the monument is the Bijapur Railway Station, at a mere distance of 1 kilometer only.
- The nearest bus stand to Gol Gumbaz is KSRTC Bus Stand and is at a distance of about 3 kilometers only.
- Bijapur is located at a distance of approximately 500 kilometers from the state capital Bengaluru.
- Other ways of reaching the monument include the local public transport vehicles from anywhere in the city.
The monument remains closed on Fridays. On other days of the week, it is open to the visitors and the opening hours are from 10 am to 5 pm.
Earlier its timings were defined from the sunrise to the sunset on a broader basis.
- The entry fee for Indian visitors to the Gol Gumbaz is INR 20.
- For BIMSTEC and SAARC visitors the ticket is also the same as that for Indian visitors, i.e. INR 20.
- For other Foreigner Visitors, the entry fee is INR 200.
- No Entry Ticket is charged to the visitors of age less than 15 years.
- There are no extra charges for carrying cameras and videorecorders.
Online tickets can also be booked on Yatra.com and the exhausting lines for tickets outside the monument can be avoided. The place is best suitable to visit with family and friends and for those who have a keen interest in history and archaeology. Cameras are allowed to be taken inside the monument, so don’t miss the chance to have some scintillating pics there. It takes around 45 minutes to 1 hour to explore the monument. It’s a masterpiece of architecture, so do visit the monument if you get a chance.
|Built By-||Sultan Adil Shah|
|Constructed in Year-||1626-48 (22 years)|
|Address-||Jadar Galli, Vijayapura, Karnataka 586104.|
|Timings-||10 am to 5 pm|
|Tickets-||Indians- INR 20, Foreigners- INR 200|
|Special Fact-||Sound gets echoed up to 7-8 times inside the monument.|
|Note-||Closed on FRIDAYS|